The new Truman administration’s earliest full evaluation out of Soviet reasons, intentions, possibilities, and behavior are manufactured in September 1946 by the Light Family aides Clark Clifford and you will George Elsey immediately after consulting with the fresh new secretaries off County, War, and you can Navy, the brand new Shared Chiefs out-of Group, the fresh new movie director of your own Main Intelligence Service, or other officials. This new report just about rejected the possibility of silent coexistence, ironically as the article writers believed that Soviet leaders had rejected which opportunity. According to Clifford and you can Elsey:
The fundamental tenet of communist philosophy embraced from the Soviet management is that the silent coexistence regarding communist and capitalist nations was hopeless. The defenders of the communist believe, because the establish Soviet rulers value by themselves, believe that disagreement between your Soviet Union additionally the best capitalist efforts of western industry try inevitable therefore the people frontrunners believe it is the obligations to prepare the brand new Soviet Union toward unavoidable conflict hence its doctrine predicts.
The latest 80-webpage statement explained various Soviet affairs designed “to strengthen this new Soviet Relationship also to insure the win when you look at the the brand new predict coming battle between Communism and you can Capitalism.” The fresh Soviets, brand new people informed, create stir-up dilemmas in every a portion of the industry: “All possible opportunity to foment antagonisms certainly one of international energies try cheated, therefore the unity and power of other places is actually [sic] compromised from the discrediting their frontrunners, stirring up residential dissension, and inciting colonial unrest.” Most immediately, it blogged, new Soviet authorities is trying “gain command over France by political means,” to “victory a principal part in Italian things” as a result of communist party progress for the elections, to determine a pro-Soviet authorities inside Greece, and to “make Turkey a great puppet county which will act as a good springboard for the domination of one’s eastern Mediterranean.” However they stated your Communist Class on You… get the fresh labor way … [and] cripple this new commercial possible of All of us by getting in touch with effects at those times and you may metropolises which would become best for the latest Soviet Commitment.”
It didn’t discuss that the Kremlin produced zero objection so you’re able to the admission of You
“About what extent,” requires Melvyn Leffler, “performed the new Clifford-Elsey report correctly assess Soviet conclusion, describe Russian motivations, and depict Soviet aim?” Their responses, based on pro expertise in the problems, incur quoting thoroughly:
They don’t know you to [General Lucius] Clay or any other Battle Agency authorities constantly identified France, maybe not Russia, given that principal source of You
Clifford and you will Elsey forgotten tips which may has injected hues regarding gray into their black colored-and-light characterization off Soviet foreign policy. S. troops into Southern area Korea, practically approved Western control off postwar Japan, and simply feebly protested the Western army exposure inside north Asia. They certainly were tired of the truth that Soviet armies got taken from Manchuria hence discover scant proof of any guidance towards CCP [Chinese Communist Cluster]. It overlooked the brand new free elections that were held within the Hungary and you will Czechoslovakia additionally the relatively member governing bodies Pearland chicas escort that have been established in Austria and you can Finland. They forgotten about the fresh intelligence records discussing the brand new limited withdrawal regarding Soviet armies of filled portion, the large-level demobilization out of Russian troops in the Soviet Relationship, plus the departure off Russian forces out of norther Norway and of Bornholm. They failed to recognize one to Stalin annoyed insurrectionary pastime into the Europe, offered no leaders in order to Communist revolutionaries inside the Southeast China, don’t exploit possibilities from inside the Arab lands, and you can straddled corners within Nationalists and you may Communists for the Asia.
Double conditions and mind-deceit many times crept towards Clifford-Elsey report. Truman’s advisers failed to inquire how America’s questionable list out of conformity affected Soviet choices. S. problems when you look at the Germany. They guessed you to any Soviet demand for German unification disguised this new Kremlin’s trip to get control over all out-of Germany, but they conveniently ignored the fresh American want to dilute Soviet influence in the east and orient each one of Germany with the Western. While doing so, Clifford and you may Elsey indicated for the preservation of Russian troops for the Iran just like the irrefutable proof this new Soviet desire to dominate Iran and you may obtain command over Middle Eastern oils. It didn’t state (and can even n’t have recognized) you to, at the really time these were composing their report, State department officials and you may army planners had been competing one to U.S. soldiers must remain beyond the stipulated work deadlines due to their withdrawal inside the Iceland, new Azores, Panama, the Galapagos, or other urban centers in order to erican negotiating power having postwar base and you will military transportation legal rights. Clifford and you will Elsey along with presented an entirely misleading rendition of Soviet potential. . . .